Beers for the Bio Station? Paying for water quality monitoring in Flathead Lake

Water temperature and the types of life it supports are some of the things scientists at the Flathead Lake Biological Station track to determine water quality in the Lake and its tributaries. The Bio Station has been monitoring water quality, and amassing information about the Flathead since its founding in 1899. The station is part of the University of Montana, but it’s funding is delegated by the state legislature as well as through other state, tribal, and federal grants. However, finding funding outside of the legislative allocation has been drying up. Research Scientist Tom Bansak with the Flathead Lake Biological Station says it costs about $150,000 each year to run the Bio Station. Bansak says the state legislature allocates $100,000 to the Station.


In August 2011 the Flathead Lake Biological Station set up two hi-tech buoys along the lakes deep trench. The buoys transmit weather and water quality information to the Bio Station. The information is available to the public, updated every 15 minutes, through the FLBS website.

“And so for the last few years, the Bio Station itself has been making up the shortfall to keep our long term monitoring program going, and there’s a tremendous amount of value of having a long term record of conditions on a water body like Flathead Lake,” Bansak said they started using a more “scientifically rigorous” monitoring protocol in the 1970’s with a proposal to mine in the Canadian North Fork Flathead River basin.

Some of the things researchers look for:

  • Phytoplankton
  • Zooplankton
  • Water temperature

Water quality information available to the public through the FLBS website.

“Tracking the trends of increases and decreases of those different things gives us a good indication of what’s happening in the lake; whether water quality is staying stable, increasing or decreasing,” Bansak said.

Bansak says paying people is the biggest budget item. Next are the tests they run on the water samples, facilities costs, fuel for the boats and maintenance for all the vehicles and equipment. About a year and a half ago the station received a $1-million pledge from a donor wishing to remain anonymous. The Bio Station has until the end of 2014 to match the pledge dollar-for-dollar, and Bansak said they’re at over $250,000 now. Bansak is also the Development Coordinator for the Flathead Lake Monitoring Challenge grant.

As part of public outreach and fundraising the Tamarack Brewery of Lakeside is hosting a Community Tap Night with 75-cents of every pint sold to benefit the Biological Station Wednesday the 15th from 6 to 9PM.

Bringing school work “alive” in the Flathead’s annual Forestry Expo

A student helps firefighters demonstrate the equipment they carry as part of the Forestry Expo. -Katrin Frye photo.

A student helps firefighters demonstrate the equipment they carry as part of the Forestry Expo. -Katrin Frye photo.

All this week fifth graders from the Flathead Valley and beyond have been heading to a section of woods in Columbia Falls. It’s the Forestry Expo, and this Saturday it opens to the public. This is the Expo’s 24th year. It takes place in the Trumbull Creek Experimental Forest on F-H Stoltze land near Columbia Falls. District Ranger Deb Mucklow says it includes land managers like the forest service, department of natural resources and conservation, fish wildlife and parks, as well as organizations like the Audubon Society, to Back Country horsemen and the native plant society.

“It’s not one agenda against another agenda, it’s a common goal of education, and having good information for people to be informed and educated about the special places and the forest that surrounds the places that we live and work in,” Mucklow said they see nearly 1,400-students through the week, and more than 500 people generally show up for the family day on Saturday.

Swan River School 5th Grader True Gannon checks out the different animal pelts at the wildlife educational station at the 24th annual Family Forestry Expo near Columbia Falls. - Katrin Frye photo.

Swan River School 5th Grader True Gannon checks out the different animal pelts at the wildlife educational station at the 24th annual Family Forestry Expo near Columbia Falls. – Katrin Frye photo.

“Just sharing this common message about noxious weeds, what fire management is, and while reaching 5th graders is really good, reaching some of the parents and others in the valley, giving them an opportunity and an environment that was a comfortable environment, so that there was no dumb questions, so that they could watch and learn, and have it be one-on-one,” Mucklow said.

The Forestry Expo runs from 9 to 3 on Saturday with grandstand presentations from the Flathead Valley Community College Logger sports team as well as many different informational stations covering fisheries, forest management, and wildlife, and more.

Why some low income Montanans have seen their phone bills quadruple

The Lifeline phone discount is a service offered by telephone companies to help low income and fixed income Montanans afford telephones. People on Medicaid automatically were eligible for the program, but recent changes have expanded the number of people eligible. Director of Regulatory and Legislative Affairs for Montana Jeff Hubbard said with the changes now the phone company is verifying if customers qualify instead of the state.

“Before the state only had Medicaid, and now the federal has come along and said all these other programs qualify. The state did not go for a legislative change to their rules to adopt the FCC rules, so the state is Medicaid only, and the federal rules for additional credits are a lot of the additional programs,” Hubbard said.

The federal Lifeline program allows for a discount on phone service for people below 1-hundred-35-percent of the federal poverty level; which is just under 13-hundred-dollars a month for a single person.

The office of Public Assistance helps guide people through different state and federal aid programs. Megan Wilkie with the Lewis and Clark County office works with a little less than 500 clients in the Helena area and said many of them are living on fixed incomes of less than 9-hundred-dollars-per month. She said her office started getting calls in December of people whose phone bills had jumped from $6 to $36 each month.

“Which I think for someone with a regular income would not be a big amount, but the percentage of their  income, and the amount it had increased; people who are living on a very fixed income where every dollar matters were really rocked by that,” Wilkie said.

She said different clients have been asked to provide different things; Medicaid cards, and details of exactly how much aid individuals are receiving,

“I want to know what people are actually required to show because some of the things that I’ve heard that they’re asking for are, like I said, don’t exist, or seem invasive,” Wilkie said.

Online through the CenturyLink website the Montana Application for the Lifeline Discount has you check boxes for different federal programs including Medicaid, housing and food assistance. It asks applicants to attach a copy of the eligibility documentation for any of the participating programs. Hubbard said CenturyLink sent out a letter to participating customers last year to let them know they had to re-certify through the phone company to keep the discount in 2013.

In a Press Release from earlier this year the Montana Public Service Commission said 6,858 people of the 13,184 Montanans who had been receiving the Lifeline discounts lost it with the changes. The release stated the vast majority of customers who lost the discount had not responded to the phone companies when they sent out the notice about the changes. The release said of the 6,363 customers who did respond, only 37 were deemed no longer eligible.


Flathead Legislators on the good, the bad, and the OK of the latest session

Flathead Legislators met with business and community leaders in Kalispell Thursday to give a wrap up of key changes from the latest legislative session. Four Republicans from the Flathead; Senators Jon Sonju and Bruce Tutvedt, and Representatives Mark Blasdel and Scott Reichner spoke of the goals they held going into the legislature. The legislature started off with a $500-million surplus that the representatives said people had many ideas of how best to use.

“There’s income tax reduction, there’s business equipment tax reduction, and then there’s more spending that people want. This bill was something that I championed, and unfortunately it fell to the other interests that were out there,” Representative Reichner said he was pushing for permanent property tax relief, but he said business equipment tax relief won out.

The tax change awaiting Governor Bullock’s signature exempts the first $100,000 of equipment that a business has from taxes, and then business equipment would be taxed at a %1.5 up to $6-million of value.

President of the Kalispell Chamber of Commerce Joe Unterreiner said this is estimated to remove about 13,000 small businesses from the business equipment tax rolls. Unterreiner said the Chamber hopes the Governor signs this bill.

“This is equipment that’s taxed regardless of whether this business is making a profit or not. So, if we want to encourage businesses to invest in the state, then we need to try to minimize the equipment with which they’re using to create production and productivity,” Unterreiner said.

Unterreiner said they would like to see Montana’s business environment continue to become more competitive from a regulatory standpoint as well as in the tax structure. He said the session made positive steps forward from a business environment viewpoint, but more work needs to be done.



Kalispell schools looking at energy efficiency to cut costs

Flathead High School's steam boiler, installed in 1986 will be supplemented by hot water heat in an effort to increase efficiency and effectiveness.

Flathead High School’s steam boiler, installed in 1986 will be supplemented by hot water heat in an effort to increase efficiency and effectiveness.

One of Kalispell’s oldest schools has been looking for a way to pay for upgrades to its heating and cooling system that will also increase its energy efficiency. Voters have rejected three different building reserve fund requests in the past three years. The building reserve funds pay for maintenance of district buildings, and for technology updates and upgrades. Superintendent Darlene Shottle said with voters rejecting the schools request for these funds three times in three years, it was time to find another way.

“So we felt that the community was saying, ‘we can’t afford this right now,’ and we need to look at more innovative ways to try to do some of the building upgrades that needed to be done,” Shottle said Flathead High School is of particular concern with classroom’s either too warm, too cold, or water was leaking in through the roof.

The district hired Ameresco to conduct an energy audit, and implement the energy efficiency fixes. Some of those fixes include installing a hot water heat system to supplement the steam boiler system currently heating the building.             Upgrading lights to lower wattage bulbs, and familiar weatherization efforts like sealing cracks around doors, windows, and insulating are other changes planned.

Shottle said they’re looking at more than $3-million in improvements across the district, with more than $2-million just for Flathead High School.

The school district will receive a $1.2-million “Quality School Grant” from the state to address the Flathead High energy upgrades, and is taking out a loan for the total upgrade costs.

“We’re estimating that about $130,000 per year will be paid back through energy savings, and so we will pay back between the difference of the quality school grant and the amount of money we need to do the upgrades through the energy savings,” Shottle said another option they’re looking at is QZAB bonds. She said they’re zero interest federal loans specifically for maintenance and upgrades of school buildings.

Scientist awarded for research on one of America’s wildest rivers

The North Fork of the Flathead River borders Glacier National Park's western edge.

The North Fork of the Flathead River borders Glacier National Park’s western edge. – Katrin Frye file photo.

What started as a master’s thesis continued beyond her degree and research scientist Erin Sexton has seen her teams work hit headlines and effect policy on both sides of the US-Canadian border. Sexton works with the Flathead Lake Biological Station and has been focusing on the water quality of the Flathead River Basin, specifically the North Fork of the Flathead. She was recently recognized with the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Societies Conservation Achievement Award for 2012.

The North Fork of the Flathead River has its headwaters in British Columbia flow from mountains rich in coal, gold and coalbed methane. The North Fork is designated a “wild and scenic river” and threatened Bull Trout live in its waters with their spawning grounds also near the headwaters across the border. Sexton said while working on her master’s thesis in 2002 there was discussion of coalbed methane development for the section of British Columbia near the headwaters of the North Fork of the Flathead River. Her thesis looked at the type of changes that would be seen in a watershed draining off of open pit coal mines. She and other researchers from the biological station, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, and the U-S Fish and Wildlife Service gathered baseline information on the Flathead River.

“So, for example, you look at the full suite of metals. You look at Cadmium, Barium, Copper, Selenium. These metals and elements basically leach off of open pit coal mining, so we wanted to see what the signature was of these in the watershed in a pre-mining condition,” Sexton said what they found in the North Fork was a relatively pristine system with low nitrate and sulfate levels.

Sexton said what you see in the rivers downstream from a mine is the underlying geology coming to the surface with higher readings for nitrates and sulfates. In the process of collecting data on the North Fork they looked to compare it to a river that had seen open pit coal mining upstream. They used the nearby Elk River in Canada which runs into Lake Kookanusa and the Kootenai River system. The Elk River recently made headlines after being identified as one of the most endangered rivers in British Columbia. Sexton said they measured 10 times the amount of Selenium in the Elk as the Flathead, 50 times the sulfates, and 1,000 times the nitrates.

“We’re particularly concerned about nitrates and phosphates and sulfates in the Flathead watershed. If you have too many nitrates in a system you’ll get a ‘greening up’ of your watershed because it feeds the algae in the system,” Sexton said.

The research continues. Sexton said moving forward she anticipates an increasing focus on the Elk River and the Kootenai system as legislation on both sides puts many mining questions for the Flathead to rest. However, she said questions about best management practices for cross-boundary natural resources will continue to evolve.

Getting the garden ready a community effort, featuring teens

This Saturday, April 27th the 4th annual Global Youth Service Day caps off Earth Week events at Flathead Valley Community College.

This Saturday, April 27th the 4th annual Global Youth Service Day caps off Earth Week events at Flathead Valley Community College.

The community garden behind Flathead Valley Community College needs some work. Quackgrass is invading the raised beds, and last years beds of squash, greens, herbs and more need weeding.

This Saturday April 27th people renting the raised beds in the Farm Hands Nourish the Flathead Community Garden behind FVCC will be working alongside about 80 youth from across the Flathead to get the beds back in shape for Global Youth Service Day.

“Really we’re going to wake up the garden and get it ready for the next planting season. And part of that will be weeding beds, and planting, you know- just the normal things you do to get your garden ready for the summer planting,” Gretchen Boyer is on the board for Farm Hands. She said this is the fourth year of the community garden, and of observing Global Youth Service Day.

Boyer said the students are coming from area high schools, the Montana Academy, the Center for Restorative Youth Justice, and a Girl Scout troupe is also participating.

Farm Hands puts together a map of local farms and ranches, the

restaurants that serve their food, the farmers markets where you can buy from them, and the community gardens where you could grow your own. It runs the community garden in partnership with FVCC, renting out the 40 raised beds to community members.

Besides renting out the beds it also offers programs for youth across the Flathead. Boyer says the underlying goal of Farm Hands Nourish the Flathead is connecting people to the sources of their food.

Global Youth Service Day is at the Flathead Valley Community College community garden this Saturday, April 27th, from 10AM to 2PM.

Farm Hands Nourish the Flathead runs the community garden in partnership with FVCC on the college campus.

“We also believe, as Farm Hands, Nourish the Flathead, that the community aspect of farming is important. So, the community garden really lends itself to having people garden together and asking for advice on issues that happen within plots, and learning about what grows well, but doing it with lots of other folks is pretty special,” Boyer said.

Farm Hands Nourish the Flathead hosts Global Youth Service Day in partnership with Montana Conservation Corps, FVCC, The Center for Restorative Youth Justice, Montana Academy, Flathead Youth Home and other local youth organizations.

Boyer says others are welcome to join in. It’s this Saturday, April 27th from 10 to 2 at the

community garden behind the Arts & Technology Building on the FVCC campus, rain or shine.

How skeet shooting and cow cuddling could help the family farm

A Somers family is looking to diversify by growing organically, and offering skeet shooting on their farm.

A field is readied for the season and a target set up on a family farm near Somers. The family is looking to diversify by growing organically, and offering skeet or trap shooting.

Flathead Valley farmer Lori Moran is now raising her family on the same farm she grew up on.

“My dad actually moved here when he was 4, I believe, and then, of course with my grandparents. He then purchased the farm from my grandparents after high school,” Moran said.

The Moran’s 800-acre property in the Lower Valley area near Somers used to have an apple orchard and her father grew hay, different grains, and even peppermint over the years.

Moran said she can’t make a living farming the same way her family did with lower crop prices, and fewer government farm subsidies.

“It’s really hard to make a living at it, where it was a much more lucrative business for my parents. And I know a lot of people are struggling with that,” Moran said.

The Morans recently completed a Multifunctional Agriculture course taught by Maarten Fischer at the Flathead Valley Community College. Fischer comes from the Netherlands where he worked to establish several cooperatives of farms with different focuses. He said in the Netherlands there are more than 100 farms hosting farmers golf which involves a clog on a stick, a big ball, and a cow field. He said some farms offer “cow cuddling,” a type of therapy offered at care farms as described in this blog post. Fischer said the class was about creating a business plan for a farm using some outside-of-the-box farming ideas.

“What we really worked on was having people do kind of an analysis of themselves; what do I want and what is my business now, and why do I do what I’m doing, and what would I like to be doing,” Fischer said.

For the Moran’s, Lori said they have an interest in shooting sports and are looking into offering skeet or trap shooting, and they have a desire to grow organically.

“Our little one has some food allergies and sensitivities to some of the chemicals. So, we really need to make sure, especially what’s around our house here, that we’re trying to keep it as chemical free as we can,” Moran said.

The Moran’s are growing organic alfalfa and hay, and looking into offering skeet or trap shooting. Moran said they also have a wedding booked on their property

Sequester cuts impacting heating, housing and other low income assistance programs

Community Action Partnership of Northwest Montana administers many programs, including Mutual Self-Help Housing. Funded primarily by federal grants, it's already seeing the effects of sequester budget cuts. - file photo Katrin Frye

Community Action Partnership of Northwest Montana administers many programs, including Mutual Self-Help Housing. Funded primarily through federal grants, it’s already seeing the effects of sequester budget cuts. – file photo Katrin Frye

Rental, housing, and energy assistance programs for low income families are seeing the ripple effects of the sequester budget cuts. The non-profit Community Action Partnership of Northwest Montana operates a myriad of programs ranging from job training to tax help and housing assistance. Executive Director Doug Rauthe says his agency is one of 10 in the state and offers programs like job training, energy assistance, affordable housing, stay-at-home options for low income seniors, and financial education opportunities. Funding comes from federal grants and contracts administered by the state, foundation grants and some fee for service programs.

Rauthe said they’ve already cut programs because of sequester budget cuts. He said they’re not taking any more applications for section 8 rental assistance, they’ve got less money for the Low Income Energy Assistance Program, or LIEAP, and they’ve cut the weatherization program in half.

“There are commentators that believe nothing happened when Sequester happened. The fact is it takes time for those impacts to actually be obvious, and I think that as we get into the next winter season, the Sequester from this year is going to be very, very obvious in people’s personal lives,” Rauthe said.

Rauthe said Community Action Partnership of Northwest Montana helped l3,000 people, 6,000 families last year. He said his biggest concern with impending funding cuts is not a smaller budget, but cuts made arbitrarily.

Biologist asks are people having bear problems, or bears having people problems?

Since May of 2010 wildlife biologists have handled 21 bears on the Flathead Indian Reservation.

“8 of those bears are dead or removed,” said Wildlife biologist Stacy Courville with the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes.

As bears emerge from their dens wildlife managers are urging people to bring in bird feeders, pet food and garbage, and electrify their fences. This last part is in response to the growing popularity of raising chickens, and other livestock like goats, sheep, and pigs on a small scale.

Bear and Lion Specialist Erik Wenum with Fish, Wildlife and Parks  out of Kalispell said they first started seeing bears emerge from their dens in March. He said they start getting a spike in bear activity as we head further into April and bears move from their dens, looking for food. Both FWP and the Tribes urge people to remove attractants from their property by bringing in pet food, garbage, and electrifying fences to protect small livestock, like chickens.

“The question that I always have to refer back to, or always fall back on, to try to get people to think about what they might have around their house or in their yard, is ‘who is actually having problems with whom?’ Are people having bear problems, or are bears having people problems,” Wenum said.

Courville said they look at whether a bear has become habituated, or used to humans, and also if it’s come to associate humans with food when deciding whether to remove it from the population. He and Wenum said there are resources available to guide people in effective electric fence installation.

There’s also a program available through the Defenders of Wildlife to offset some of the costs of installing an electric fence. Defenders can help with 50% of the cost of installing an electric fence, up to $500.

Up in Alaska they had a little bit of fun with teaching bear awareness. This video is from a 2009 Bear Aware short film or video contest: